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Mureş county

Situated in the north central part of Transylvania (west-sided by the 240º meridian eastern longitude end east sided by the 250º15' eastern longitude and on latitude lays between the parallel of 460°4' and 470º12' northern latitude), following the course of the Mures River, the county with the same name lies on the steps of the Eastern Carpathians, descending towards the Tarnavelor plain end the Tarnavelor plateau. The hilly landscape represents half of the county's surface, the other half being reserved for the sub Carpathians hills end the volcanic mountains Calimani and Gurghiu. The Mures county surface is 6696 km and represents 3% of the whole surface of the country.

 The continental climate – moderate, with differences in the hill end forest areas comparing to the mountainous ones. The hydrographical network includes: the Mures River which crosses 180 km of the county, Tarnava Mica, Tarnava Mare, Gurghiu and Niraj. In the western part of the county stretches out a chain of lakes end pounds (Taureni, Saulia and Faragau) well equipped for fish growing and entertainment activities. The Ursu Lake lies in the centre of Sovata spa and is considered one of the best heliothermic lakes in Europe.

 The flora and the fauna, characteristic for the Transylvanian pla­teau are protected in various national parks: the secular oak forest in moors land of Mociar; the Romanian peony in Botei Mari valley at Zau de Campie; the daffodils near Gurghiu end the deodrologycal park in Gurghiu; the variegated tulip on the mead­ows of the Gurghiu valley; the Salt Mountain in Sovata; the dramatic crags guarding the Mures River course. The fauna con­sists of brown bears. Carpathian stags and rog, boars, rabbits,  pheasants and fish like the trout end the carp in the running wa­ters end lakes.

 In the mountainous level the vegetation consists of coniferous trees mixed with fir-trees, beech trees and white-under-trees. The plateau level is covered with oak forest and under trees, oak, hornbeam, linden trees and ash trees forests. The moor forests, the hayfields, reed and bulrush represent the transition vegetation. The weeds are especially useful as fodder as medical remedy and as honey source and the forest species as building material. The agricultural fields, in concordance with the landscape, with the climate and with the vegetation, are also extremely varied.

 The natural soil end underground resources: methane gas, salt deposits, rock used as building material, the woods used in indus­try as primary material and fuel. The Targu-Mures County sub­scribes with an important percent in the national industrial pro­duction.

 On the18the of March 2002, according to the results of the census, the steady population of the Mures region was 579862 inhabitants (53.2% Romanians, 39,3% Hungarians, 7% Roma populations, 0.3% Germans and other ethnic groups) occupying the 14th place in hierarchy of the Romanian counties, representing 2,7% of the whole population. Comparing the results of this census to these of the census in 1992, the number of the inhabitants went down with 30191 (4.9%).51.8% of the county population lives in towns and 48.9% in communes and villages.

 As far as the gender population structure is concerned, a slight numerical prevalence of the female population stays constant: males 283.762 (48.9%), females 296.100 (51.1%). 48,8% of the county population lives in towns and 51,2% in villages.

 The neighbours of the county are: in north-east ([15 km) Hraghita County, in east, Brasov County in south-east (20 km), Sibiu County in south (80 km), Alba County in south-west (40 km), Cluj county in north-west (45 km) and Bistrita county (100km). The main cities and towns of the county are: the city of Targu Mures (the county capital) with 149.577 inhabitants, the city of Reghin with 36.032 inhabitants, the  city of Sighisoara with 32.287 inhabitants, the city of Tarnaveni with 26537 inhabitants, the town of Iernut with 9440 inhabit­ants, the town of Ludus with 17407 inhabitants, the town of Sovata with 11568 inhabitants.

 The county has a communication network consist­ing of 1846 km of public roads of which 18% represent roads of national interest, 40 % of county in­terest and 42 % of village interest. The international airport Targu Mures Vidrasau caters for a population of about 1.5 million inhabitants dispersed on a surface of 23.000 sq. km, representing the popu­lation of the Mures, Bistrita, Harghita end Covasna counties.

 The situation of the Mures County in the central northern part of Transylvania, at the crossroads of several communication ways coming from Moldova, Maramures and Crisana which attracted the de­velopment of the ways and of the means of commu­nication.

 The public roads of the county have a density of 27,5 km/100sq. km (which is lower than the national average of 30,6 km/100 sq. km) and are formed of national roads (370 km), county roads and village roads.

 From the total length of the roads 470 km have been modernized of which 358 km are national roads and the rest of 52 km are regional end local reeds.

These national roads cross each other in several places, forming important road knots, as Targu Mures, Sighisoara, Ludus, Reghin, Tarnaveni and Acatari.

Complex end di­verse, the county's economy imposes a name that arouses interest and respect in the domain of the natu­ral gas extraction, the electrical and thermal energy, the chemistry, the ex­ploitation and processing of wood and building mate­rial. The furniture factory holds a very special place, due to its carved furni­ture, the glass and ceramics units of production - from Tarnaveni and Sighisoara, the textiles and confections production departments – from Targu Mures and Sighisoara, the leather manu­facturing units - from Mures and Reghin, etc... The Mures County is the only producer of carbide (Tarnaveni) and stringed musical instruments (Reghin) in Romania.

 Agriculture - the second most important branch in the county's economy - is an old tradition in this land that has favourable conditions for almost any type of crops. The agricultural fields represent 61 percent from the county’s surface.

 Considering the high natural potential, the administration of Mures pursues the lasting evolvement of the county with the growth of the level of economical development of the whole region, the decrease of the discrepancies between the urban and the rural environment, the growth of the quality of life for every inhabitant of the region.

 The development of the economy, especially the tourism cannot take place without a quality infrastructure. The Mures County Council and the local administration council are preoccupied with the finding of new sources for the economical progress.

 The foreign partnerships also represent priority, pursuing the galvanization of the economical and cultural contacts, the initia­tion of some collaborations and the motivation of soma foreign investments in the region. Lately, fraternities were bound between the Mures county and the Gyor-Moson-Sopron county from Hun­gary, With the Shanxi Province in the Chinese Republic. Our county has a strong collaboration with the Lecce Province from Italy, the French city of Montigny le Bretonneux, etc...

 The Mures County Council aims to assure a good knowledge of the _county’s collaboration, offer in its representative domains, as a start for the upgrade and the setting forth of same externally financed projects (EU, The World Bank Group, etc...)

 Due to its natural and cultural wealth, the quality of the human resources, the economical potential, the Mures County can at any moment become an interesting partner concerning concrete, lasting projects.

 The structure of the industrial production can be represented in the following way: the chemical industry of rubber and plastics 47,05%, the food industry 17,74%, the industry of the exploitation and processing of wood 9,69%: the industry of other products of nonferrous minerals 7,95%, the technological equipment, industry 7,54%, the cloth, leather and fur industry 6,65%, the water gather­ing, distribution and cleansing industry 2,29%. A sector with a high level of privacy and constant ascent is in the construction sphere.

 The agricultural surface of the Mures County is 409.750 hec­tares; arable terrain is used 222.730 hectares (54.4%), mead­ows 112.872 hectares (27,5%), hay fields 63.144 hectares, (15,4%), vineyards and viticulture nurseries 4.742 hectares (1,2%), orchards and tree nurseries 6.262 hectares (1,5%),

The crops are based on cereals (wheat, corn, rye), technological plants (sugar beat, flax, hemp, tobacco, hops). The net of the re­search institutes includes; research and production section for cattle - Sangeorzu de Mures - ROMSUINTEST SA Peris, research and production section of tree growing, the medical research centre Targu Mures.      

 The educational system in Targu Mures includes five institutes of high education (the Medical and Pharmaceutical University, the Technological University, the Theatre Institute "Szentgyorgy Istvan", the Ecological University "Dimitrie Cantemir", the "Hyperion" University), 11 technical post-high-schools, 35 high schools, 25 vocational schools, foremen schools, 463 primary and secondary schools.

 The tourist activity is maintained by a developed infrastructure containing 17 hotels, 5 motels, 4 campings, 63 tourist villas, end 3 student campuses, representing 6835 accommodations.

The main tourist areas are Sighisoara (Medieval fort), the mountainous regions (Lapusna and the Mures river watercourse). Situated at the base of the Gurghiu Mountains, Sovata is a high potential health resort that offers highly efficient curative factors, attracting annually a large number of both foreigners and Romanians. An important part in Mures is played by the local resort Sangeorzu with salty waters, mud baths, iodized and chlorinated waters, Ideciul de Jos with salty waters, Rastolita and Lunca Bradului which are micro-climacterically resorts. Targu Mures steps out with the leisure and sport complex Weekend, on the banks of the Mures River, covering a surface of 25 hectares of which 5 mirrored in waters with the appropriate facilities, leisure houses, zoo (the second biggest in the country) and the Medieval Fort.

 This is a copy from the Romanian Yellow Book, Cartea Galbena

 Mures 2005


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